Every hobby has its own language, and FPV drone flying is no exception. Understanding the terms used to describe the parts of a drone can be intimidating for beginners.
This article aims to break it all down for you in a simple, easy-to-understand manner. Let’s delve into the components that come together to form your FPV drone.
The drone frame is essentially the skeleton of your drone. It holds all the components together and is designed to withstand impacts. The frame size, often measured by the distance between motor centers diagonally in millimeters, directly influences what size of props and motors you can use. Check out our available frames here
Drone motors convert electrical energy into mechanical energy to spin the propellers. These little powerhouses are responsible for the lift and movements of your drone. There are two types of motors commonly used in FPV drones: brushed and brushless motors, with the latter being more efficient and durable. Check out our available motors here
Propellers, or ‘props’, are attached to the motors and provide the thrust necessary for the drone to lift off and maneuver. They come in various shapes, sizes, and materials, each with different performance characteristics. Choosing the right propeller can significantly affect your drone’s flight performance. Check out our available propellers here
Electronic Speed Controllers (ESC)
An ESC is a crucial component that regulates the speed of a drone’s motors. It interprets signals from the flight controller and adjusts the RPM of each motor accordingly, providing stable and smooth flight. Check out our available ESCs here
Flight Controller (FC)
The flight controller is like the brain of the drone. It interprets input from the receiver, gyroscopes, and other sensors, then adjusts the speed of the motors to control the drone’s movement. Check out our available FCs here
The FPV camera is your eye in the sky. It captures real-time video and sends it to your goggles or monitor, allowing you to fly the drone as if you were on board. Check out our available FPV cameras here
Video Transmitter (VTX)
The video transmitter takes the feed from your FPV camera and broadcasts it, typically using 5.8 GHz radio frequency. The strength of the VTX (measured in milliwatts, or mW) determines how far and clear the signal can travel. Check out our available VTXs here
Radio Receiver (RX)
The radio receiver is how your drone hears your commands. It picks up signals from your transmitter (controller) and communicates them to the flight controller. Check out our available RXs here
Antennas are essential for both your video and control signals. They receive the video feed from the VTX and send it to your goggles. They also communicate with the radio receiver to maintain control of the drone. Check out our available antennas here
GPS Module (Optional)
Although not necessary for basic FPV flying, a GPS module can bring extra features to your flight, like precise location tracking, return-to-home function, and more. Check out our available GPSs here
In FPV, understanding these components not only helps you make informed decisions when buying or upgrading your gear but also aids in troubleshooting should you encounter issues in the field.
Besides these drone parts you still something to power it all up! Check out our next article with all you need know about batteries here